The last few years have been difficult for many industries,
but for the construction industry, it’s been particularly trying. Since the
2016 referendum, ongoing uncertainty within the sector has meant construction
businesses have had to deal with the world’s hesitation to tie themselves into
a British project of any kind.
Brexit isn’t the only challenge facing the construction
industry. The effects of an aging workforce, the growing demand for more
eco-friendly alternatives to traditional construction methods, and the
introduction of many new technologies has meant that the sector must adapt
Let’s look in more detail at these ongoing challenges for the
industry this year. From profitability to sustainability, economic, social and
political factors all play a part in the success of firms within this industry.
Here is a selection of the major problems that the construction industry is
fighting against in 2019:
After all, the sector isn’t looking particularly appealing to foreign
workers anymore, thanks to Brexit. In fact, a
third of EU construction workers are said to be considering leaving the UK,
further widening the skills shortage for the sector. On top of this, while
skill shortage is a large enough issue, it is also having another detrimental
effect on the industry — cost. Due to the lack of skilled tradespeople, wages
are rising for jobs within the sector, which, along with a rise in material
cost, is impacting on profitability for building companies.
Leaving the EU (and everything that comes with it)
The problem of uncertainty is rife when it comes to Brexit. While
there is speculation regarding how the construction sector will fare after 29
March 2019 — the official leaving date — negotiations are ongoing, and we don’t
yet know how taxes, imports and labour between the UK and EU will pan out.
But it’s not just labourers from the European Union that the
sector stands to lose out on. According to government data, around 60%
of imported building materials come from the EU. Combine this with a
potential negative change in VAT and tax, and a loss of access to the European
Investment Bank and European Investment Fund — major investors in construction
SMEs — and we could see higher product prices and less capital for the
Worrying for the world
There’s also pressure on the construction sector to adapt to
greener methods too. According to the World
Economic Forum, the construction industry can account for up to 40%
of the world’s carbon emissions. With a global drive to crackdown on carbon
emissions, any sector that doesn’t assist with this initiative could run the
risk of incurring sanctions and fines — another potential hit that could affect
the construction industry’s profitability.
The construction industry also needs to keep up with all the
latest technological advances in order to stay relevant on a global scale. From
robotics to BIM — building information modelling — there’s a wave of new
technologies and gadgets available to help make construction more efficient and
profitable. However, this is only possible if building firms of all sizes are
willing to get on board with a new way of working.
Ways the sector can adapt
The problem of labour shortages
First, the industry must address the matter of its workforce. The Chartered
Institute of Building claims that the construction sector will need to secure 157,000
new recruits by 2021 if it wants to keep up with demand. One method
of enhancing the construction workforce is perhaps to encourage more
apprenticeships in the industry — and positively, apprenticeship starts are at
a record high in the UK construction industry at the moment.
With skilled workers from the EU no longer as readily available,
the sector needs to work on homegrown talent. If the industry wants to prosper
down the line, it will need to keep encouraging young workers to take on
apprenticeship programmes as soon as possible, whether this is via positive
workplace initiatives, bonuses or a closer relationship with schools.
It’s impossible to predict the full impact of Brexit right now.
However, it’s clear that material costs and the ease of employing the labour of
EU nationals are the sector’s greatest concerns. To keep material costs down,
building companies must keep a detailed inventory of what they have and what
they need. Replacing can be more costly than simply repairing and vice versa,
while not ‘shopping around’ for the best local prices can mean bargains are
missed. Although we may not see a significant increase in charges and tax for
EU imports, it may be worth sourcing UK- and none EU-based alternatives now to
ease the pressure in 2019.
Highlighting the need to recycle in the sector will certainly
help. Furthermore, many construction vehicles and equipment, such as work platforms,
come with eco-friendlier hybrid motors or can be powered by batteries, while
utilising solar energy panels, non-toxic paint, locally-grown timber, and
low-energy lightbulbs during the construction process will all contribute to a
Continuing to bring in new technology
The construction industry also needs to stay ahead of the
technology game. Construction software that eases communication between
different teams on a single building project is growing in use and popularity
across the sector, as are BIM and augmented reality technologies which help
project managers spot potentially costly issues before the physical
construction. Similarly, robotic machines are helping ease the pressure of a
lack of low-level workers while making potentially hazardous jobs easier to
complete, and advances in materials — such as self-healing and permeable
concrete solutions — are solving longstanding problems, like cracked building
There are many benefits to this. For example, it’s possible that
construction companies can help protect themselves from using inefficient,
labour-intensive and environmentally-unfriendly methods by learning about new
technologies and bringing them into their workspaces.
The construction sector is certainly in the midst of a difficult
time. However, a bright future is not
unattainable. By adopting eco-friendly processes, being responsive to new
technology, having a plan in place for Brexit, and encouraging apprentices to
come on board, the sector can thrive in 2019 and beyond.
Lellig, Wood for Good campaign director, said:
“The Summit is
an opportunity to pinpoint how we can position, develop and market timber
products within the health and wellbeing agenda.
summit identified the opportunities and challenges for the timber market, now
it’s time to look at how we get our products up to speed and ideally ‘healthy
The Summit will
be in a workshop format with speakers including Christos Michael from
CapitalHolz 100, Colin Wheatley from Medite Smartply and Kevin Underwood from
the British Woodworking Federation. Christos and Colin will be sharing their
experiences of bringing health and wellbeing to the forefront of their
marketing and product development, while Kevin will delve into the results of
BWF’s cradle-to-cradle feasibility study for joinery products.
will cover the key issues raised in the previous summit including certification
and the practicalities of doing this, identifying sales channels and ideas on
how to promote products as healthy.
On the morning
of the Summit, a workshop with Wood for Good supporters will take place to
discuss the next six months of the campaign’s activity.
events, attendees are invited to the Building Centre for the launch of the
Awards plus an
opportunity to view the Forest of Fabrication exhibition.
graduates of The Survey Association’s (TSA) Surveying Course can now obtain a
Gold Card from The Construction Skills Certification Scheme (CSCS).
application by TSA, CSCS, the UK’s leading skills certification scheme within
the construction industry, has agreed the waiver for the 381 Survey School
graduates who started the Course before April 2018.
Operations at CSCS, Gordon Jenkins said, “CSCS is pleased to be able to work
alongside TSA to reach an agreement that benefits the Construction industry and
aligns with the objectives of the Construction Leadership Council.”
with the standard setting body we have concluded that the TSA Surveying Courses
in Surveying, which started before the Level 3 Diploma, meet the required
standards for this occupation.”
started the TSA Surveying Course after April 2018 will not be able to use it to
get a CSCS card. They must instead complete the Level 3 Diploma in Engineering
Member and Survey School Governor, Nathan Spencer said, “This recognition by
CSCS, is testament, both to the quality of our graduates and the survey
training provided on the TSA Course.”
has been the foundation for the Level 3 Diploma and Level 3 Apprenticeship, ensuring
the next generation have the skills required to support the construction
industry. It is very positive news for
the surveying industry that CSCS recognises TSA’s contribution.”
To apply for
the Gold Card, with endorsement as Engineering Surveyor, candidates will need
to present their graduation certificate and a letter of authentication to CSCS.
these documents email The Survey School at firstname.lastname@example.org The cost for this is £80 + VAT. The Survey School can provide a duplicate
certificate, if needed.
This week is
National Careers Week – an opportunity for people (young and old) up and down
the country to give some thought to their future career and increase their
understanding of how they can land their dream job.
surveying as a career choice would appear to be relatively Brexit-proof. A
recent survey of industry salaries by Building magazine and the recruitment
firm, Hays, found that as a result of skills shortages, salaries in building
surveying are rising more rapidly than inflation. Specifically, the survey
showed that the average salary for a senior surveyor is £46,125 – 3.5% above
the national average increase, and for an associate building surveyor, £54,583
in relation to the survey also demonstrated a wealth of career opportunities in
the sector, highlighting the case of engineer Mott MacDonald, which has more
than 800 vacancies (80%-90% of them UK based) across its 6,500-strong EU
Building Consultancy – one of Property Week’s 50 Best Places to Work in 2018 –
values graduate recruitment, staff development and career progression highly.
Trident is keen to invest in its graduates, paying for training and RICS fees
during the APC process, and is also happy to accommodate those who wish to work
part time. Here, some of our employees share their experiences:
Usmaan Mehboob is currently completing his APC in Trident’s Leeds office
I moved to
Trident from a large national firm and into the role of assistant building
surveyor. My previous role was assisting on a project for a national housing
association and I soon realised that I needed to gain wider experience in order
to achieve my APC.
When I arrived
at Trident, they knew my experience was limited, so they sent a more
experienced colleague with me at first to make sure I knew what I was doing.
They showed me the ropes on the first day, then leave me to it. Over the past
twelve months, I’ve developed both the understanding and confidence to carry
out a range of services on my own.
As a practising
Muslim, I pray five times a day and Trident has been so good in making this
possible – providing a space for me in the office and acknowledging my faith in
a positive way.
Associate Director Vicky Green has moved swiftly up the career ladder and is
exceling at the forefront of property technology
I did a degree
in Building Surveying, which included an industry placement, and then joined a
national surveying firm. Once I’d completed by APC, I was made a senior
surveyor and I joined Trident in 2015. My role also has a strong emphasis on
all things PropTech:
I have been tasked with expanding our use of technology to provide an enhanced
service to the consultancy’s expanding client base.
Over the past
few years I’ve been really pleased to introduce new systems to the company,
improving the efficiency and the quality of building surveying, and also our
other service lines. The deployment of these simple yet powerful tools means
that Trident can provide a level of independence to clients; our clients can
now manipulate their own data and create reports that are actually useful,
ensuring that the most accurate results are given, which has resulted in an
increase in repeat business.
In addition to
product development, I’ve taken on the challenge of speaking at conferences,
chairing events and contributing to RICS guidance notes. I’ve also enjoyed supporting
and mentoring new graduates at the company – making sure that competent junior
staff excel, regardless of who they are.
Muhammad Hamzah completed a unique accelerated degree from the University of
Salford and is now an Assistant Building Surveyor at Trident.
When I first
applied to study at Salford, it was for a standard three-year degree, but as
soon as the Accelerated Degree programme was offered, I had to take it up.
The idea that
you could gain the same amount of knowledge in less time was really appealing
to me. In my eyes, I was still being given the opportunity to learn such
valuable information, with the bonus of moving into the industry quicker. I’m
very lucky that it’s worked out exactly that way for me, as I moved straight into
a job from university.
I think people
misunderstand the structure of your year when you’re on the Accelerated Degree
Programme, as you do get time off. It’s not the four months off like other
students have, instead we have several weeks off at certain points of the year
such as Christmas and Easter. We also get a summer break, around two or three
weeks. All-in-all the two years aren’t as intense as people may think.
I’m now a
graduate building surveyor at Trident and I’m loving it. About a month ago I
started my training to become a Chartered Building Surveyor. This will take me
two years and will broaden my career prospects.
has appointed Jonathan Walker as ARRONE product manager.
has over 25 years’ experience in the door and window hardware industry,
specialising in new product development and market research. He has previously
worked for Paddock Fabrications and Yale, and joins HOPPE (UK) from Avantis
International where he was group sales and marketing director.
“In the short time I’ve been with HOPPE,
I’ve seen the wealth of experience and the volume of knowledge that the
technical teams have; they are a real authority on what they do. I’m looking
forward to tapping into this, and talking to customers to find out exactly what
they want and need from ironmongery products to ensure that we tick all right
“My aim is to give our customers
confidence that they can choose any product from the ARRONE range and that it
will always be of the highest-quality and tested beyond industry standards.
Whether it is a product that has been tried and tested for years or a product
we’ve recently added to the range, they will get the same exacting standard of
Based in Wolverhampton, HOPPE (UK) Ltd is a market leader in door and
window hardware. As a member of HOPPE Group, HOPPE (UK) provides architectural
hardware products that have been tested to meet the most stringent European and
Visitors to Futurebuild can learn
about the unique attributes of the Green.Building.Solutions. summer university,
which has become a magnet for architects and building professionals who want to
understand how to put the environment first in their careers.
OeAD-Housing Office will be at the London expo to share insight and information
on the award-winning programme, from the Advantage Austria pavilion, stand number
takes place in Vienna this year from July 20 to August 11, with the city
providing a live case study in passive house developments and sustainable,
smart city expertise.
In 2018, GBS attracted 42
participants from 27 different countries to the Austrian capital, and with all
study and social activities carried out in English, the not-for profit programme
is well-suited to participants from the UK and Ireland.
This year the OeAD-Housing
Office – part of Austria’s national agency for international mobility and
cooperation in education, science and research – will once again provide a
unique opportunity for global collaboration between like-minded individuals.
Participants develop new
skills and inspiration to design and build sustainable cities, through workshops,
lectures, fact-finding visits and also gain insight from world-leading
The knowledge accrued is then
channelled into a group work project, where teams design homes of the future,
with the environment in mind.
The project work brings
together different elements of international thought, with features including a
greater emphasis on social interaction and connectivity within buildings,
measures to adapt to a changing climate and the innovative use of sustainable
are limited for the programme, which is relevant to students and professionals
alike in the fields of architecture and the built environment,
including construction management, project management, building engineering and
Günther Jedliczka, CEO of the OeAD-Housing
Office, said: “GBS attracts like-minded people who aspire to make
the world a better place through the built environment.
“Those taking part gain the
understanding and inspiration to apply their learning throughout their careers
and build an international network of other professionals with the same outlook.”
Run in association with six
national partners who contribute to the content, including Vienna’s BOKU
University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences and the Vienna University of
Technology – and supported by a further 21 universities around the world – the
course is priced at €2,490 for professionals and €2,000 for students.
This cost includes all social
activities, lessons and tours, as well as accommodation for participants
throughout the duration of GBS in one of OeAD’s passive house student residences
– giving an added perspective to participants’ experiences in Vienna.
The accommodation is also included
as part of the fee for almost a week after the programme, enabling those taking
part to explore the city at leisure.
well as GBS, the
OeAD-Housing Office also operates the Alternative Economic and
Monetary Systems programme (AEMS).
analyses how economic, political, monetary and environmental factors need to
change to be more sustainable and takes place from July 24 to August 9, 2019.
leading supplier of ironmongery to the trade, IronmongeryDirect, has
been named as one of the top internet retailers in the UK.
company has appeared, for the first time, in the Internet Retailing UK Top
500, entering within the first 350 businesses.
IRUK Top 500 report ranks retailers by revenue, store networks and
website traffic as well as undertaking in-depth analysis into an organisation’s
approach to customers.
Lysaght-Mason, Managing Director at IronmongeryDirect, said while they
had experienced their best financial year to date, the Basildon-based
wholesaler was not resting on its laurels – with further expansion planned in
2019 and beyond.
said: “We are thrilled to have made it into the IRUK Top 500 internet
retailers. To be included in a list of companies that consist of the likes of
Amazon, John Lewis and Argos is a great reflection of our achievements and is
an indication of the positive direction that IronmongeryDirect is
the digital age where the standard 9-5 working hours are becoming less
applicable, IronmongeryDirect is leading the way and continually
evolving our business strategy, placing our customers firmly at the centre.”
has recently completed a major expansion of its warehouse and is preparing to
celebrate its 50th anniversary later this year.
continued: “The expansion has enabled us to improve our service offering whilst
continuing to grow our product range, bringing the total range to over 17,000
further cements our position as the leading supplier of ironmongery and related
products to the trade in the UK.
is the UK’s largest specialist ironmongery supplier, with over 17,000 products
in stock, available for next day delivery when you order by 8pm Sunday to
Friday and by 4pm on Saturday. Free delivery is available on orders over £45
together with free returns.
more information, visit IronmongeryDirect.comor call their team of specialist
advisors on 0800 168 28 28.
A leading provider
to major construction and utilities firms, Develop Training Limited (DTL), says
too few businesses are making a commitment to apprenticeships despite
government initiatives to promote them.
DTL, which has centres in
Linlithgow near Edinburgh, Romford, York, Derby, Bolton, Swindon and Lisburn,
Northern Ireland, highlighted the issue while giving its backing to National
Apprenticeship Week 2019, which runs from 4 to 9 March.
In the run up to the week,
the government launched a new promotional campaign, Blaze A Trail, to convince
more individuals, families and employers to embrace apprenticeships. Previous
initiatives have included Trailblazer Apprenticeships in England and the
controversial Apprenticeship Levy.
Yet DTL points out that
government statistics for the academic year 2017/18 showed a drop of almost a
quarter in the number of apprenticeship starts.
John Kerr, DTL’s Director
of Training & Education, said: “It’s clear that businesses in the
construction and utility sectors – in common with other industries – have not
committed to apprenticeships as enthusiastically as the government hoped. The
difference with some industries is that we face an enormous skills gap in
construction and utilities, so it’s crucial that the sector responds, including
embracing apprenticeships. The levy was intended to nudge them in the right
direction but so far, if anything, it has had the opposite effect.”
He highlighted comments
from senior HR professionals at DTL’s Industry Skills Forums that the levy had
caused confusion and even suspicion with some delegates labelling it a stealth
tax. Others said the chance to recoup the levy was not enough incentive when
set against the long-term commitment to run an apprenticeship programme.
The training company, whose
customers includes some of the biggest names in water, gas, electricity and
construction, hopes that attitudes are changing.
“We and our customers have
no doubt that, managed well, apprenticeships do work,” said Mr Kerr.
“Businesses have now had nearly two years to decide how to respond to the levy,
and in April the funds that big firms have paid in will begin to be taken by
the Treasury. That should refocus attention on the question of
He said it wasn’t clear how
uncertainty around Brexit, including the availability of foreign workers, and
concerns about global economic slowdown would affect decisions about
apprenticeships and other HR programmes.
“There have been reports of
a contraction in the construction sector because investors are delaying
decisions, but that doesn’t mean the UK can afford to put its infrastructure on
hold,” said Mr Kerr.
He said the rise of offsite
construction was an opportunity to develop apprenticeships in a factory
environment, which is easier than on construction sites. The continuing housing
shortage could also lead to incentives by this government or a future one to
stimulate building through any potential recession.
“Whatever happens to the
economy, we need a new generation of skilled operatives to replace an ageing
workforce,” said Mr Kerr. “If we delay making a commitment to apprenticeships
for whatever reason, that would be a serious mistake. I hope that National
Apprenticeship Week and the campaigns around it will help to generate momentum
so that more businesses invest in what are highly cost-effective ways to
deliver a loyal and skilled workforce. As approved providers under the levy, we
are 100 per cent committed to do all we can to ensure that this happens and to
help our customers to maximise their return on investment in people.”
reveals shocking use of plastics and packaging in construction
18 February 2019: The Considerate
Constructors Scheme has launched its industry-wide campaign ‘Spotlight
on…plastics and packaging’ to raise awareness and showcase best practice
in how the construction industry can reduce, reuse and recycle plastics and
The launch of the campaign – which features on
the industry’s Best Practice Hub – comes in response to
startling findings from a Scheme survey of over 900 people working within the
UK and Irish construction industries.
The survey discovered that although over 95% of
respondents said the industry needs to be doing something to reduce its
consumption of plastics and packaging, over half of respondents (51%) have
little understanding of the rules and regulations surrounding plastics and
packaging, and only 44% know how to recycle different plastic and packaging
The survey also revealed that:
said the over-consumption of plastics and packaging is a global issue.
believe plastics and packaging are extremely dangerous to the environment.
said the construction industry is not doing enough to reduce its
consumption of plastics and packaging.
said they frequently use plastics and packaging that cannot be reused or
With the construction industry being the
second largest consumer of plastics in the UK, it is imperative that the
construction industry reconsiders the way it consumes and disposes of plastics
and packaging to protect the environment and all life.
The Scheme is calling on all construction
sites, companies, suppliers and clients of construction projects to drastically
reduce their consumption of plastics and packaging. Not only does this offer
significant improvements for the environment and society as a whole, it also
makes commercial business sense, with many organisations reporting significant
cost savings achieved.
provides a suite of resources to help the industry to address this issue. It
includes a range practical case studies and guidance from contractors, clients
and service suppliers including: AMA Waste Management; Aztec; Balfour Beatty;
Crossrail; Environment Agency; Griffiths; Knight Build; Protec; Right Waste
Right Place; Mace; Morgan Sindall; Multiplex; Skanska; Sir Robert McAlpine;
Wates and Ward.
Considerate Constructors Scheme Chief
Executive, Edward Hardy said: “As construction is the second largest consumer
of plastic in the UK, our industry has one of the greatest responsibilities to
society, and to the environment, to ensure that we are working tirelessly to
improve our standards in minimising waste from plastics.
“The Scheme’s ‘Spotlight on…plastics
campaign provides resources, practical support and guidance helping everyone to
take effective measures to tackle this issue. While considerable progress is
being made – with over 76% of Scheme-registered construction sites setting
targets to reduce, reuse and recycle waste – it is clear that a concerted
effort to raise further awareness, and to provide the necessary support, is
needed to achieve this drastic reduction in waste from plastics and packaging.”
‘Spotlight on…plastics and packaging’ follows a
number of hugely successful industry campaigns which the Scheme hosts on the
Best Practice Hub. In 2018, the Scheme launched the ‘Spotlight on…air
and ‘Spotlight on…the next
with follow-on e-learning courses in each topic.
These campaigns have received over 48,000 views to date, with over 50,000
courses being taken.
to access the ‘Spotlight on…plastics and packaging’ campaign.
Recycling Buildings: 10 Building Materials That Can Be Reused After Demolition
Construction and demolition waste are one of the heaviest and most
voluminous waste streams generated in the EU accounting for approximately 25%-30% of
all waste generated.
Demolition recycling is an important step in a building’s life cycle, as
material reclamation and good recycling practices can divert over 90% of
the building’s material from the landfill. RubberBond have been
investigating what materials can be recycled and what they can be turned into.
Concrete, Bricks & Blocks
Research indicates that the average wastage level of concrete is about
4%, while brick and block is around 6%.
Concrete and brick can be recycled by crushing them into rubble.
Once sorted, screened and contaminants are removed, reclaimed concrete
or brick can be used in concrete aggregate, fill, road base, or riprap.
The landfilling of gypsum and other wastes with a high sulphate content
together with biodegradable waste has been banned in England and Wales since
July 2005. This is to prevent the build-up of hydrogen sulphide gas which is
both toxic and odorous.
Gypsum is relatively easy to recycle. Contaminants need to be removed,
such as screws and nails, and separate the paper.
It can be ground into a powder or turned into pellets. The resulting
material is sold to manufacturers that use gypsum for different applications.
Wood waste from all sorts of building sites – including new builds and
refurbishments – amounts to around 0.85mt per year.
Wood can be reused, repurposed, recycled, or burned as bioenergy.
Wood can be used in pathways, coverings, mulches, compost, animal
bedding, or particleboard.
The UK manufactures 750,000 tonnes of flat glass each year, three-quarters
of which goes into glazing products for buildings. Currently, the recycled
content of flat glass produced in the UK is between 20%–30%.
There are various methods of recycling glass in order to make it fit for
repurposing such as crushing, screening to remove contamination, air
classification, optical sorting, size classification and washing and drying.
Glass can be used for pretty much anything including decorative
materials, fluxing agent in the manufacture of bricks and ceramics, insulation,
containers and even sports turf applications.
Britain exports 15 million tonnes of industrial waste each
year, half of which is valuable scrap metal
Metals are collected, sorted and then shredded. The scrap is then melted
and purified and finally allowed to cool to solidify.
Metals—including steel, copper, and brass—are valuable commodities to
recycle. Like glass, they can be repurposed into a vast array of items such as
appliances, furnishings, fixtures and lighting.
Approximately 275 million tonnes of aggregates are used each year in the
UK as raw construction materials, but a lot of it goes to landfill.
More than half (54%) of waste recorded as ‘Recycling and other recovery’
is ‘Mineral wastes’, while a further 12% is soils.
Concrete aggregate collected
from demolition sites is put through a crushing machine.
Crushing facilities accept only uncontaminated concrete, which must
be free of trash, wood, paper and other such materials.
Aggregate can be reused as a base material under foundations, roads and
Up to 1.3 million tonnes of plasterboard waste is generated within the
new-build construction and refurbishment sectors each year.
Standard plasterboard, which hasn’t been contaminated by paint or
similar, can be added to an aerobic composting system and is likely to have a
neutral or beneficial effect when added to the soil, especially clay soil.
According to National Geographic and the National Geographic Society,
91% of plastic isn’t recycled.
All plasterboard recycling goes through a thorough process
which takes away all of the added material which is left on the plasterboard
when it’s removed from the wall or ceiling.
In construction, plastics are generally used for pipework, interior
fittings, window frames, scaffolding boards and kerbstones. These can be
repurposed into packaging, textile fibre and clothing, street furniture to name
only a few.
Floor & Wall Coverings
Almost 600,000 tonnes of flooring is disposed of each year, of which
less than 2% is recycled. A small quantity is incinerated but the vast
majority, over 90%, goes to landfill.
Fibresolve – subjecting wood fibre to a vacuum and pressurised steam
with mechanical agitation at a high temperature.
Microrelease – using microwaves to reclaim wood fibres from the resin.
Thermohydraulic processes – separating the adhesive from the wood
There tends to be a lot of wastage when it comes to floor and wall
coverings due to over ordering, pairing this with the fact that a lot of it can
also be recycled afterwards, materials such as ceramic and terrazzo tiles,
wallpaper, carpet, carpet tiles, vinyl and linoleum and laminate flooring can
be repurposed into many things including road cone manufacturing and animal
In just 23 housing projects in the UK, the average amount of insulation
wasted was 1.0m3 per 100m2 floor area.
Insulation can be recycled by returning materials through take-back
schemes offered by manufacturers, but reclamation and reprocessing can only
happen after removing impurities such as nails and screws.
Similarly, materials involved in insulation such as glass and stone
wool, polystyrene, sheep’s wool, spray foam, polyurethane and fibreboard can be
transformed into concrete blocks, fibreglass board and fibreglass ceiling